What Causes Acid Reflux?

Acid reflux occurs when the acid from your stomach goes up into your esophagus. This may result into heartburn, or that burning sensation that is traveling from your stomach into your throat, or regurgitation, or that bitter taste of acid in your mouth.
But acid reflux can be more serious than you think. If you are suffering from excessive acid reflux, you may have gastroesophageal reflux disease. According to the website of GastroCare LI, this disease, also commonly known as GERD, can lead to complications such as cancer.
It can also lead to inconvenient health conditions, such as blackening of stool, bloating, excessive burping or hiccupping, unexplained losing of weight, and vomiting with blood.
What causes acid reflux anyway? One of the main culprits is hiatal hernia, a condition wherein the stomach bulges into the diaphragm through the hiatus, a muscle wall that separates the abdomen and chest.
But it is not always about physical conditions such as hiatal hernia, because sometimes, it is about the person’s habits and lifestyle. Below are just some that can result into acid reflux and gastroesophageal reflux disease.

  • Bending or lying down after eating
  • Eating too close to bedtime
  • Excessive drinking of substances with alcohol, coffee, and soft drinks
  • Excessive eating of products with chocolate, citrus, garlic, spice, and too much fat
  • Smoking

Of course, acid reflux can be prevented by changing habits and lifestyles as well. Avoid lying down or any kind of positioning that can disrupt the flow of food in your digestive system. This can also include not using tight belts and clothing. Avoid food and drinks that can be deemed unhealthy, not just to prevent acid reflux, but for your overall health.
This means that acid reflux and gastroesophageal reflux disease are preventable, especially if you avoid destructive habits and lifestyles.

The Causes of Spinal Cord Injury

Spinal cord injuries can be devastating. Damage to the spinal cord can result in permanent changes to one’s strength, sensation and function in body parts below the point of injury. The ability to maintain control of limbs after a spinal cord injury depends on the location of the injury and the severity of the damage. The severity of spinal cord injuries can be split up into two categories: complete and incomplete. A complete injury refers to when all sensation and function is lost below the point of injury. In an incomplete injury, there is still some motor or sensory function below the point on the spine where damage occurred.

Spinal cord injuries can be caused by damage to either the vertebrae, discs, or ligaments in the spinal column. The majority of spinal injuries happen suddenly, from traumatic incidents such as a car crash or gunshot. Some spinal injuries, however, are not traumatic and are a result of arthritis, cancer, infections, or inflammation.

According to Zavodnick, Zavodnick & Lasky, LLC, the leading cause of spinal cord injuries is automobile accidents, which account for about 35%. In people over the age of 65, the most common cause of spinal cord injury is slip and fall accidents. Another common cause is acts of violence like stabbings or gunshots, which account for about 15% of all spinal cord injuries. Sports and recreational activities cause about 9% of spinal injuries and most often occur in contact sports like football. Another major factor in spinal cord injuries is alcohol. According to Mayo Clinic, alcohol plays in a role about 1 in every 4 injuries to the spine.

Collision between Moving Boats

On the evening of March 1, 2008, in the entrance to Useless Inlet which is located near Bamfield, a Province of British Columbia, a 26-foot Tiara boat named “Big Water” collided with another vessel, the “Attacker,” which was also a Tiara boat which was 27 feet in length. The collision resulted to the death of the woman passenger (the only passenger) of the “Big Water” vessel.

During the trial, it was established that, prior to the collision, “Big Water,” which was entering Useless Inlet, was traveling at 26.6 mph with no navigation or running lights; the “Attacker,” then leaving Useless Inlet, had its running lights on as it traveled at 32.5 mph.

Due to the almost complete darkness, the two vessels failed to avoid a violent collision that significantly damaged both of the vessels’ upper parts. “Big Water’s” woman passenger was said to have suffered a severe, fatal trauma to her body, aside from getting ejected from the vessel into the water.

The court’s decision said that the operator of the “Big Water” operated his vessel at an unsafe speed, without navigation lights, and without keeping a proper look-out in a narrow channel where there was risk of collision: this is operation of a vessel in a manner that is dangerous to the public. With regard to the observance of standard of care in the operation of a vessel, the court ruled that the “Big Water” operator displayed a reckless disregard of extreme risk and in the circumstances, exhibited a marked departure from the norm.

Another incident, which occurred on August 23, 2008, involved two pleasure craft vessels that collided in a channel that was 150 to 200 meters wide which had little traffic; both vessels were traveling at about 40 mph and proceeding on parallel courses. The collision occurred after one of the vessels suddenly swerved and stopped, but not after it sprayed water on the operator of the other vessel and put itself in front of this other vessel. During the court hearing, the trial judge ruled that the operator of the vehicle that swerved was 100% at fault for the collision since his unforeseen and unpredictable reckless action was the real and lone cause of the accident.

According to San Diego sea injury lawyer Ritters and Associates, boating accidents can be very serious and may cause serious injuries to individuals involved in the accident. This is why boat owners and operators are required to act responsibly and carefully while operating their vessels in order to avoid an accident. Unfortunately, not all people comply, resulting in accidents which can cause severe injuries or death.

Being represented by a highly-skilled sea injury lawyer in a trial that would probe into the details of incidences leading to an accident (to determine fault and seek compensation) can be to the advantage of an injured victim.

Easy Tips for Fixing a Leaking Roof on Your Own

Over time, the roof of your home is likely to become damaged due to wear and tear. In most cases, these issues are the primary cause of leaking roofs. The following are simple tips you can employ to address some of the common reasons for your leaking roof.

Identifying the issue

The key to fixing a leaking roof on your own is to identify the cause immediately. According to Ft. Lauderdale roofing company Best Roofing, seeing issues such as dark spots, missing shingles, and signs of water damage all point to the fact that your roof might soon need to be repaired in order to avoid further leaking. Before getting a roofing contractor involved, take the time to check for damaged, as well as damage in the flashing that connects the roof with a chimney or vent pipe.

Fixing damaged shingles

Identify shingles that are curled, cracked or are altogether missing in the area where the leaking occurs. Shingles that curl up from the cold weather can be easily flattened out by using asphalt cement. Shingles that have cracked or crumbled down can easily be replaced. Using a hammer, pry out the broken shingles carefully and nail down the replacement pieces into place.

Reinforcing roof flashing

The flashing that connects the roof with chimneys and vent pipes is crucial for weatherproofing. Leaking that comes from this area of the roof can easily be solved through the use of caulking and sealant, especially if your roof flashing is made of metal. You can also use roofing cement on the flashing for extra reinforcement.

It can be quite easy to solve a leaking roof on your own. In most cases, you wouldn’t need the help of a professional to solve the issue. If, however, the damage to your roof is far more severe than you had expected, it would be best to contact a roofing company for expert assistance.

How Sexual Battery can become a Class B or a Capital Felony

August of 2016 will never be a good time to reminisce for a 29-year old music instructor from Johnson County in Kansas who has been sentenced to life in prison after pleading guilty to one count of aggravated indecent liberties; his victim was a 7-year-old girl. Prior to this, the convicted felon had also been charged in the past with sexual abuse, sexual exploitation of a minor, first-degree child molestation, first-degree statutory sodomy, and possession of child pornography.

Under both federal and state laws, crimes that cause innocent victims severe harm are considered serious offenses and are, thus, exacted with heavy punishments, like incredibly costly fines and years of imprisonment; some offenders are even sentenced to life in prison.

Serious crimes include treason, which is betrayal of one’s country and the most serious crime in the U.S., murder, which is the unlawful planned killing of another person, and sex crimes, such as rape, predatory sexual assault and, in a number of states, sexual battery.

Sexual battery, in particular, is any form of unwanted or non-consensual touching or sexual contact; it does not involve sexual intercourse or penetration as in the case of rape. In some states, sexual battery is referred to as criminal sexual contact and it can be committed in many different ways, like grabbing or fondling a woman’s breast, patting a person’s buttocks, forcing a kiss on the mouth, forcing the victim to touch the offender’s intimate body part, or touching the victim’s genital area; these acts are committed by an offender for the purpose of arousing or sexually gratifying himself/herself.

The most common victims of sexual battery are a relative, a classmate, a neighbor, an acquaintance, a co-worker, a friend, a dating partner, or even a spouse. A Nashville criminal defense lawyer of Horst Law explains how sexual battery can be elevated to an aggravated form, specifically, to Class B felony, saying that this can be so if the offender committed the offense while using a weapon as a means of force or coercion, causing bodily harm, engaging in the offense with the help of another person, or if the victim is less than 13 years old.

In some states, sexual battery is considered a capital felony if the offender is at least 17 years old and the victim, below the age of 12, and if the act causes injuries to the victim’s sexual organ. Capital felony can be punished with life imprisonment or death.

Many victims of sexual battery and other sexual crimes, especially victims who are children, do not immediately report the crime committed against them. This may be due to threats made by the offender, fear of negative reaction from parents or anyone else, or for some reasons. Now, while the U.S. justice system is clearly bent on catching and punishing sex offenders, it may sometimes be lacking the initiative or the desire to look into the possibility that the accused is actually innocent. This does not to discredit the system of justice, but to point out that, in certain cases, especially where the victim is a child, an automatic bias is usually developed against the suspect.

A charge as serious as a sex crime, more so a conviction, can and will destroy everything that an accused holds dear and important. Hoping to clear one’s name will require only the best defense from a determined criminal defense lawyer

There are a number of law firms that offer substantial information regarding the right of an accused to a fair trial and the kind of defense that he/she will definitely need during the litigation. It is important that the accused find the lawyer who will be able to provide him/her with a defense that will work best for his/her case. All criminal lawyers are fully trained to understand the criminal law; however, not all eventually end up as capable of providing good legal representation and a good, strong defense that may save or lower the sentence of an accused.

Getting Car Insurance in the Internet Age

The need to have insurance coverage is a must when you want to own and drive a vehicle. Because people are often rushing to get on the road, getting insurance has also been made easier. Online insurance have become very popular because of their convenience. According to Karlin, Fleisher & Falkenberg, getting insurance quotes from various insurance providers has become faster and easier once you get online. You do not have to get to an agency and just have to log in and chat with people online to get the best insurance quotes that you think would apply to you and cover your needs.

The convenience of the internet has made it very possible to talk with various insurance companies. N turn, these insurance companies have started to offer more affordable insurance for their clients. The transaction can all be done online, and information that is related to offer insurance policies can be quickly accessed online. What makes online insurance companies more appealing is that they can be contacted quickly through their online help desk that can provide you with information and assistance 24/7.

When choosing an online insurance provider, consider the type of vehicle you are getting insurance for. Often, expensive vehicles call for higher insurance premiums. Also, think about installing passive-restraint systems that would protect you and the passengers in an event of an accident: air bags, car alarms, and additional safety devices and systems are good investments and can lower your insurance premiums. Furthermore make sure to keep your driving records clean of any traffic violations or charges to avoid higher premiums. Being involved in an accident can make your insurance premiums higher because you have become a high-risk client

No matter how safe or defensive you drive, you can never be too sure that other drivers are as responsible as you. Accidents can happen anytime, anywhere, therefore being prepared can help prevent devastating financial issues that accidents can lead to. Not only can insurance coverage give you peace of mind, but it also ensures that your money is invested in something worthwhile.

Two most common dangers of driving during winter

It’s winter time again! Apart from the thrill the snowy weather brings, winter is also the time when driving could be a little bit more challenging, and dangerous. According to the website of the Resmini Law Office, car accidents during winter might be a result of a variety of factors: reckless driving, automotive defect, poor road condition, among many others. Here are the two most common dangers of winter driving that you should watch out for when hitting the road:

Poor visibility

During winter, lack of visibility can be a serious problem. Not only is poor visibility makes you more prone to rear-end collisions, it also makes you more vulnerable to other hazards on the road. When you hit the road with poor visibility, remember to turn on your hazard lights to prevent other cars from hitting you. You should also turn your headlights to provide you added depth.

You should also maintain safe distance to avoid hitting other vehicles. When the situation becomes more and more unmanageable, you should slow down and safely veer towards the emergency bay, with the headlights and hazard lights turned on, and wait for the visibility to improve.

Black ice

Black ice is a slippery patch of frozen water on the surface of the road. It is termed “black” because the clear ice adapts the color of the road, making it an unseen danger for motorists driving during winter. According to the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA), black ice is considered among the deadliest, if not the deadliest, road danger during weekend.

To avoid black ice-related incidents while on the road, remember to only use tires that are designed for winter use. You can also prevent deadly black ice by driving cautiously and with anticipation. Finally, when you hit a patch of ice, remember not to brake suddenly or to make any jerky turn, as it may cause your car to hydroplane and spin. Instead, steer your car to the direction where you want it to go while decelerating smoothly. You can do this by taking your foot off the gas pedal slowly, and by switching gears down.

Taking the fight against Manufacturers of Injurious Children’s Products

Between 1993 and 1998, a particular brand of baby’s crib took the lives of six children, all below 2 years old. The defective design of the crib caused it to collapse on its own, trapping the necks of the children and strangling them.

After the last death in 1998, which involved 16-month-old Daniel “Danny” Keysar, a report surfaced regarding the recall that was issued on the crib way back in 1993. Obviously, the news of this recall never reached the parents of the babies, three of whom died in 1995 and two in 1998; otherwise, the five others would not have died.

The task of regulating the manufacture and sale, as well as the safety of consumer products, including children’s toys and nursery items, falls on the shoulders of the Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC), a government agency that was created in 1972. Some of CPSC’s specific tasks include:

determining the allowed size of children’s toys; setting limits for toxicity of, and noise produced by, toys; making sure that toys’ batteries and magnets are inaccessible to children; ensuring the removal of sharp parts and edges which can wound children; requiring manufacturers to display product labels that will warn parents about a toy’s possible dangers; issuing recalls on harmful products; banning of products that can cause danger; and, formulation of product safety requirements.

About 69,000 children in the US are rushed to emergency departments every year due to defective nursery products. In 2014, the US Consumer Product Safety Commission issued recalls on 17 million units of children’s products which included infant carriers, high and hook-on chairs, full-size and non-full-size cribs, portable cribs, infant bathtubs, infant slings, strollers, walkers, play yards, swings, stationary activity centers, and toddler beds, among others.

Also in 2014, a non-profit organization, the U.S. Public Interest Research Group (PIRG), released a report titled, “Trouble in Toyland”; it identified potentially hazardous toys and gave parents tips on how to purchase only safe toys for their children.

Another non-profit organization, the World Against Toys Causing Harm, Inc. (W.A.T.C.H.), helps to protect children from harmful toys by sharing valuable information on dangerous children’s products.

When a defective product injures or severely harms anyone, most especially a child, all those involved in the chain of distribution, from the manufacturer to the retailer, can be named as defendants in a civil lawsuit, which is called a product liability lawsuit. This website explains the legal responsibility of manufacturers in designing and producing only safe products, and the available legal options which can help parents pursue compensation and justice for the harm they have been forced to endure.

Visiting the University of Wisconsin-Madison Arboretum

Preserving the environment and its ecological systems is an important priority. This mission is at the center of the Arboretum—an area that spans over 1,200 acres built and tended to as the world’s primary site for the study of ecological restoration.

Back in the 1930s, the Arboretum was an abandoned area of huge fields and pastures. Scientists and researchers at the University of Wisconsin in Madison made the decision to restore the area back to its original state and return the plants and animals that once made the sprawling lands their habitat. According to their website, the main idea behind the Arboretum is to re-establish the “original Wisconsin.” From then on, the university was able to recreate several ecological communities and allow the area to thrive. Today, there are several forest types, wetlands, savannas, and tallgrass prairies in the Arboretum.

Visitors to the Arboretum can also find several gardens that houses unique horticultural collections. In particular, the sprawling area has three different gardens open for tours during the spring, summer, and fall—Longenecker Horticultural Gardens, Viburnum Garden, and Wisconsin Native Plant Garden. In these gardens, one can find an abundant number of shrubs, flowering trees, and other types of flora unique to Wisconsin.

Since the area is primarily a research facility meant to help scientists understand ecological restoration, anyone visiting the Arboretum is urged to keep its plants and wildlife protected. For one, it’s important to remember that plants and any other natural materials in the area should not be collected and kept. It’s also important that visitors keep to the Arboretum’s assigned trails. Going off the designated walkways can risk damage to the plants and wildlife that make the place a unique and memorable destination.

Most Common Types of Personal Injury

Personal Injury as a lawsuit is, in actuality, encompasses a rather large area. There are many kinds of lawsuits that fall under this category, thereby making this one of the most complicated cases that any legal team can deal with. According to the website of Crowe & Mulvey, the claims that are with this kind of case often include a certain expertise with medical jargon as well as the specifics of the law, depending on which state the accident or negligent act results in. Many states differ in certain aspects of the law, though they retain the basics of it, the little discrepancies are often the ones to watch out for, in the case of possible loopholes.

One of the most common types of personal injury cases are those stemming from automobile accidents. From the statistics offered by the National Highway Traffic and Safety Administration (NHTSA), every person will go through at least once in their lifetime. Sometimes, the accident can be so devastating that it results into either temporary or permanent disability, sometimes as morbid as wrongful death.

Another kind of personal injury case is one that is due to medical malpractice. This is also an umbrella term that can mean a lot of different procedures that can be cause for this type of lawsuit to be claimed, thereby demanding a lawyer that truly specializes in this kind of case in order to be granted the best possible deal as compensation for this kind of traumatic experience. Medical malpractice injuries can often result into spinal cord injuries, permanent brain damage, birth defects, et cetera – all of which then causing the victim to suddenly have financial and medical burdens due to the neglect of someone else.

In essence, that is what personal injury cases are at heart. They are accidents that cause injury when the accident itself could have been prevented if it were not for the negligence of a guilty party. If you or someone you know has been injured due to this kind of situation, immediate legal action is advised.

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